Lithium Battery Chemistry

  1. Lithium Battery Technologies
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Lithium Battery Technologies

Lithium Ion Cathode Chemistry Comparison (Used With Carbon Anodes)
Cathode MaterialTypical Voltage (V)Energy DensityThermal Stability
Gravimeric (Wh/Kg)Volumetric (Wh/L)
Cobalt Oxide3.7195560Poor
Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide (NCA) 3.6220600Fair
Nickel Cobalt Manganese Oxide (NCM)3.6205580Fair
Manganese Oxide (Spinel1)3.9150420Good
Iron Phosphate (LFP)3.290-130333Very Good


1. Spinel ( /spɪˈnɛl/) is the magnesium aluminium member of the larger spinel group of minerals. It has the formula MgAl2O4 in the cubic crystal system. Its name comes from Latin "spina" (arrow).



by Julian oh8stn

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