Lithium Battery Chemistry



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Lithium Battery Technologies

Lithium Ion Cathode Chemistry Comparison (Used With Carbon Anodes)
Cathode MaterialTypical Voltage (V)Energy DensityThermal Stability
Gravimeric (Wh/Kg)Volumetric (Wh/L)
Cobalt Oxide3.7195560Poor
Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide (NCA) 3.6220600Fair
Nickel Cobalt Manganese Oxide (NCM)3.6205580Fair
Manganese Oxide (Spinel1)3.9150420Good
Iron Phosphate (LFP)3.290-130333Very Good

Source: https://www.epectec.com/batteries/lithium-battery-technologies.html

1. Spinel ( /spɪˈnɛl/) is the magnesium aluminium member of the larger spinel group of minerals. It has the formula MgAl2O4 in the cubic crystal system. Its name comes from Latin "spina" (arrow).
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinel

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References:

by Julian oh8stn https://oh8stn.org/blog/2018/05/17/lithium-ion-vs-lifepo4-vs/

How does capacity correlate with charge voltage for lithium iron phosphate batteries? https://www.powerstream.com/lithium-phosphate-charge-voltage.htm

How to Find Happiness With LiFePO4 (Lithium-Ion) Batteries:
https://www.solacity.com/how-to-keep-lifepo4-lithium-ion-batteries-happy/

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Glenn Lyons VK4PK
glenn@LyonsComputer.com.au
Ver:gnl20190912 - pre published v0.9